Specialists of the Caspian countries discussed in Avaza questions of sustainable development and management on the Caspian Sea

In the National tourist area (NTZ) Avaza located on the Turkmen coast of the Caspian Sea the 10-day international seminar "The Caspian Sea – sustainable development and management" with participation of specialists of a number of the ministries and departments of Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, China, Russia and Turkmenistan came to the end.

The action was organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of our country, the State entity concerning the Caspian Sea at the President of Turkmenistan together with the International institute of the ocean (IOI). The training was organized for employees of the MFA, the oil-and-gas sector, hydrometeorology, fishery, tourism, conservation, a sea transport, the border service and some other structures.

Classes were given by the Turkmen and foreign experts with a work experience in UN specialized agencies – the Intergovernmental oceanographic commission of UNESCO (IOC UNESCO), the Development program of the UN, and also in the International institution of maritime law operating under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization, the Caspian ecological program. 

Listeners studied the Concept of the World Ocean, the Convention of the UN on a maritime law, activities of the International Ocean Institute and the Global Environment Facility. Special attention was paid to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the UN till 2030. The Caspian states, as well as other countries of the world, actively worked on their implementation in national plans and programs. 

Reviews of the international precepts of law applied in case of investigation and operation of oil and gas resources, navigation regulation for the purpose of protection of the marine environment and fish inventories of the Caspian Sea were provided to listeners. 

Also marine ecosystems, influence of climate changes on the marine environment, a marine biodiversity, modern evaluation methods of impact of economic activity of the person on the environment, sea spatial planning were studied.

The special session was devoted to the Turkmen sector and the coast of the Caspian Sea within which the excursion for acquaintance with infrastructure and the prospects of development of NTZ of Avaza was organized by the Hazaria national park.

Great interest was attracted by the project of creation in a sea bay of an artificial island of 170 hectares which became the habitat, nestings and winterings of a flamingo, swans, geese, ducks, herons, pelicans and other bird species.

In conclusion of a rate listeners prepared a number of the control presentations, including on the subject "The Prospects of Development of Transport Corridors, Constructions Oil and Gas Pipelines in the Caspian Region". 

Other presentation concerned the accepted UN "Agendas in the field of development for the period till 2030" which for the first time included the Purpose, urgent for all mankind, as "Preserving and rational use of oceans, seas and marine resources for the benefit of sustainable development". In this regard the contribution which the Caspian countries could bring in achievement of this Purpose was discussed. 

At the ceremony of delivery of certificates participants of a training emphasized great practical value of "The Caspian educational program", creations of new formats of communication of representatives of state structures of the coastal countries and supported continuation of holding similar actions for studying of international experience and advanced training of national specialists.

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