Russian scientists have discovered a unique filters that allow you to clean up marine water from oil. To do this, they use fucus algae.
Together with colleagues from the Murmansk marine biological Institute, scientists of the southern scientific center of RAS created special biotechnical structures - algae plantations, which were able to purify water from oil products.
"In case of oil spills it is possible to collect oil mechanically with the help of booms, and it is possible in a more natural and effective way - by enclosing a dangerous area with a biofilter from algae, which will split oil into simple substances even with additional emissions," said Oleg Stepanyan, a leading researcher of the SSC RAS, candidate of biological Sciences.
According to him, this technology of using biofilters is unique. In addition, scientists have been able to identify the most tenacious algae that can be used for this. "The study of algae showed that fucus vesiculosus is the most stable, the superorganism", - RIA Novosti quotes the Professor.
These algae grow mainly in the Northern seas. They can exist at temperatures from minus 2 to plus 30 degrees, actually freezing in the ice in winter and staying without water for several days during the low tide in summer. They are also resistant to light during the polar day and lack of light during the polar nights. Their range of resistance to petroleum products is 50 milligrams per liter at a rate of MPC a thousand times less - 0.05 milligrams per liter.